Higher Education Entrance Qualification
The university higher education entrance qualification is divided in Germany into the general university entrance qualification, subject-bound university tires.
Each of the three university tires requires different qualifications to achieve and, as a result, has very different study entitlements. Even though not everyone uses their university entrance qualification to study at the end of the year, the statistic has been showing an increase in graduate school qualifications for years.
General higher education entrance qualification – Abitur
About the successful completion of a gymnasia upper stage one attains the general higher education entrance qualification – also called Abitur. Also at a business gymnasium, technical high school (in some federal states also Fach gymnasium economics and / or technology called) and further specific high schools can also the general university entrance qualification be acquired.
The general university entrance qualification entitles the holder to study in all study programs at universities, technical colleges, music and art colleges, educational colleges, technical colleges and other offers. However, additional admission requirements may need to be met.
Specialized university entrance qualification
The subject-related higher education entrance qualification entitles the holder to study in specific subjects and disciplines at universities. Universities of Applied Sciences have full access without restriction to one discipline.
The subject-specific higher education entrance qualification can also be achieved through a variety of educational paths. This includes the gymnasiale Oberstufe. For example, no second foreign language is required here. Other schools where this degree can be obtained: Berufsoberschule, Fachakademie, Berufsfachschule, Berufskolleg and Studienkolleg.
The Fachhochschulreife can be acquired, for example, at a Fachoberschule. Prerequisite is besides a school part also always a practical occupation-related part. There are a variety of ways how you can ultimately achieve the Fachhochschulreife. One possibility is the successful completion of the 12th grade of a technical college. The practical part takes place here in the 11th grade and the students work in a company 3-4 days a week. On the other hand, those who already have an education can skip the 11th grade. We present the many different ways to the Fachhochschulreife here.
The Fachhochschulreife entitles you to study in Germany in all courses of study at the German universities of applied sciences as well as in corresponding courses of study at other universities. Studying at universities is only possible to a very limited extent. In Lower Saxony and Hesse, admission to Bachelor’s degree programs at universities is often possible.
A Fachabitur does not exist in Germany actually. The term is colloquially used for various degrees. This differs mostly regionally according to the offered school forms. Some understand the Fachabundene Hochschulreife under the Fachabitur. For others, it is the Fachhochschulreife. Even graduation from a Fachgymnasium is sometimes referred to as a Fachabitur.