Studying in Germany Basic and General Information
studying in Germany universities are science-based, universities are practice-oriented.There are over 110 universities in Germany. The study there is scientifically pronounced.
This means that the emphasis is on theoretical research. Universities offer many different courses and subjects.
In addition to the universities, there are more than 220 universities of applied science in Germany. They are also called Fachhochschulen or FHs and HaWs.
The studies here include internships or practical semesters. The aim is to prepare the students for their later professional life. Artistic subjects such as singing, dance or graphics can be studied at one of over 50 art, film or music colleges in Germany.
Digression: In Germany
The term university is used as a generic term for universities and colleges of applied sciences polytechnics and as a short form for universities of applied sciences polytechnics.
The concrete meaning usually results from the context. If not, you have to ask!
State and private universities
Most students in Germany (about 94%) study at a state university. But there are also 120 private colleges. Here students often have to pay high tuition fees. The quality of state and private universities is comparably good.
Degrees and duration of studies
Bachelor (BA, B.Sc., B.Eng)
The Bachelor is the first degree you can obtain at a university. He is recognized in the international labor market. A bachelor’s degree program lasts six to eight semesters.
After completing your bachelor’s degree, you can start your professional life or deepen your studies in a master’s program.
Master (MA, M.Sc., M.Eng)
A Master’s degree course usually lasts three to four semesters and extends the knowledge gained from the Bachelor’s degree program.
A prerequisite for the master’s program is very often a (bachelor) degree from a comparable degree program. At the end of the master’s degree, one plans his entry into the profession or the next academic degree: the doctorate.
Those who study law (Jurisprudence), teacher training in Bavaria, medicine or pharmacy in Germany, pass the examination “Staatsexamen” at the end of their studies.
The state examination is not an academic but a state degree and consists of two parts: The first state examination is completed after successful study.
Then you prepare yourself for the Second State Examination with a vocational, practical training phase or start a doctorate. If you do not want to work in Germany later, you should check whether the German state examination is recognized in the respective country.
Degree A PhD studying in Germany for International student earns a doctorate by writing a Ph.D. Depending on the topic, the doctoral degree lasts between four and ten semesters.
The academic year for Studying in Germany
The academic year at German universities begins in October and ends in September. It is divided into two semesters: the winter semester (October to March) and the summer semester (April to September). Many courses can only be started in October.
2. German language skills
Most courses in Germany are German-speaking. This means that all students need very good German language skills in order to successfully study. Especially in the Bachelor’s area, there are hardly any English courses.
3. University entrance qualification / certificates
In addition to the linguistic aptitude (see, inter alia, German language skills), the professional aptitude (“Hochschulzugangsberechtigung”) is crucial to start or continue studying in Germany.
For refugees and asylum seekers, the same rules apply in principle as for other universities In concrete terms, anyone who wants to start a bachelor’s degree has to submit a secondary school certificate that is equivalent to the German Abitur.
The individual certificates can be found in the information portal on the recognition of foreign educational qualifications .
Those interested in Master’s degree programs must prove that they have a relevant university degree (eg Bachelor in the same or similar subject). The exact regulations for this vary from study program to study program.
4. Financing of the study
How much money does a student need?
In Germany there are no tuition fees at state universities. In Augsburg students need about 700 – 800 EUR per month to cover their living costs:
- 350 – 400 EUR / month “living” (rent, electricity, heating, broadcasting fee etc.)
- 80 EUR / month health insurance
- 300 EUR / month food, clothes etc.
- 150 – 200 EUR / semester for books, scripts, copies
- In addition, there are individual expenses, leisure activities and the semester fee of currently about 100 EUR (for 6 months each), which must be paid before the beginning of each semester.